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Behavioral Interventions to Facilitate Growth
Geriatric Long-Term Care continuing education addiction counselor CEUs

Course Manual of Articles
Introduction


Questions 1-3 on this page
Answer Booklet | Table of Contents
| Geriatric & Aging
Psychologist CEs, Social Worker CEUs, Counselor CEUs, MFT CEUs

Classic conditioning, studied by Pavlov, is concerned with stimuli which automatically evoke responses. There are certain stimuli in your environment that cause reflex responses, such as noise, electrical shock, light, and the taste of food. This type of stimuli are referred to as respondent or unconditioned stimuli. Respondent stimuli are frequently considered involuntary or automatic responses. These responses are not under your control. (Reminder: Answers to all questions are to be transferred to the Institute Manual, which is returned to us.)

Question #1: Give an example of an unconditioned or respondent stimuli or Stimulus Generalization: According to Skinner, a response, which is repeatedly reinforced in the presence of a particular situation, is likely to be repeated in that situation again, where the situation and stimuli often share common properties.

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Response Generalization:
Altering a person's response can influence other responses. For example, if your client is praised for good grades in spelling, the frequency of good grades in English and reading might also increase. So in other words, reinforcement of a response increases the probability of increasing other responses which are similar. Generalization is of central importance to behavior modification applications. When a target behavior is changed and continues outside of the training situation, the clinician has most generally accomplished his or her purpose.

Target behaviors need to be defined explicitly so they can actually be observed, measured, and agreed upon. To be objective, target behaviors should be observable characteristics of the behavior or of the environmental events.

Behavioral specific terms: A description of an individual's behavior in observable terms specifies what he says or does. Reference to unobservable constructs, such as "ego impairment" or "striving for masculinity," are insufficient to describe a person's behavior in measurable terms.

Question #2: Place an "x" before the following statements written in behaviorally specific terms
(a) Mary took a box of cheese from the refrigerator.
(b) Bill expressed his feelings of frustration at the baseball game.
(c) John showed angry feelings toward his teacher this week.
(d) Martha placed a dirty cup in the sink.

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Question #3: After completing #2 rewrite: in behavioral specific terms, the statements in which the response(s) are not described behaviorally.
(a)


(b)

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The article above contains foundational information. Articles below contain optional updates.
 
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Answer Booklet for this course | Geriatric & Aging
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The article above contains foundational information. Articles below contain optional updates.
Researchers get a handle on how to control blood sugar after stroke - July 23, 2019
Hyperglycemia, or high levels of glucose, is common in patients with acute ischemic stroke and is associated with worse outcomes compared to normal blood sugar levels. Animal studies also pointed to an effect of high blood sugar in worsening stroke injury. Stroke experts have debated whether intensive glucose management after acute ischemic stroke leads to better outcomes but a new study finds that aggressive methods are not better than standard approaches.
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Nearly 30 million Americans older than 40 take aspirin daily to prevent cardiovascular disease. More than 6 million Americans take aspirin daily without physician's recommendation. Nearly half of Americans more than 70 years of age without cardiovascular disease, an estimate of nearly 10 million people, take aspirin daily -- despite current guidelines against this practice.
Combined online self-management for pain, associated anxiety and depression works - July 22, 2019
Online symptom self-management works to decrease pain, anxiety and depression and for some, online self-management plus nurse telecare helps even more according to a new study. Pain is the most common physical symptom for which adults seek medical attention in US, while anxiety and depression are the most common mental health symptoms. All three symptoms frequently co-occur in this difficult to treat patient population.
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Aging men with low testosterone levels who take testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) are at a slightly greater risk of experiencing an ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), or myocardial infarction, especially during the first two years of use, reports a new study. The findings confirm concerns voiced by many health agencies about the potential risks associated with the treatment.
Group calls on international community to prevent dementia by preventing stroke - July 18, 2019
The risk factors for stroke and dementia are the same, and a growing body of evidence demonstrates that preventing stroke can also prevent some dementias. Now, a group of experts is calling on the global community to come together to take action on preventing dementia by preventing stroke.

 

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