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PAIN - Pain Management: Cognitive Therapy for Chronic Pain and Fibromyalgia Post Test

Psychologist, Ohio MFT and Counselor Post Test:
Only Psychologists, Ohio MFT's and Ohio Counselors taking this course for credit need to complete these additional questions below to be in compliance with their Boards. requirements. If you are not a psychologist, Ohio MFT or Ohio Counselor please return to the original Answer Booklet. You do not need to complete the additional questions below.

Audio Transcript Questions The answer to Question 1 is found in Track 1 of the Course Content. The Answer to Question 2 is found in Track 2 of the Course Content... and so on. Select correct answer from below. Place letter on the blank line before the corresponding question.
Important Note! Underlined numbers below are links to that Section. If you leave this page, use your "Back" button to return to your answers, rather than clicking on a new "Answer Booklet" link. Or use Ctrl-N to open a new window and use a separate window to review content.

Please note every section does not have an additional question below. Some sections may have more than one question.

Questions:

1.1 Why is there less attention devoted for other stimuli or cognitive tasks by clients with chronic pain?
1.2 What kind of clients believe that the potential danger posed by their pain does not outweigh their ability to cope with it?
2.1 According to Turk, what three personality characteristics may be linked to the experience of pain?
2.2 Under ‘Biological Factors’, what kind of relationship must occur between the biological information about a disease and one’s cognitive wellbeing?
3.1 What are examples that may fit the mindset of a client with fibromyalgia or arthritis?
4.1 What happens to the client when core beliefs arise from their negative life events?
4.2 How do clients who become so absorbed in the pain itself categorize themselves?
4.3 In fundamentalist religious movements, what may chronic seizures cause an epileptic client to ask for?
5.1 What type of clients have a much more difficult time admitting weaknesses and stress?
6.1 In the ‘Character List’ technique, what do therapists ask the clients to focus on?
6.2 What are the five stages of grief?
7.1 Under ‘Anger Arising From Limitations’, what do clients who experience chronic pain find themselves constantly frustrated by?
8.1 What needs to be reached that may aid the feelings of helplessness that a client is experiencing?
9.1 Where may resentment for another person arise from?
9.2 What may happen to a self-victimizing client when he/she tries to find faults with any attempts at sympathy from his or her loved ones?
10.1 What may be a good technique for clients who suffer from burden guilt?
11.1 What is one of the hardest concepts for fibromyalgia clients to grasp about the fibro fog?
12.1 Under ‘Social Anxiety’, how does anxiety increase?
12.2 What are the normal symtoms of someone with an anxiety disorder?
13.1 What kind of Mind-Body technique involves asking the clients to visualize their pain as a negative object or person?
14.1 What kind of Coping Technique involves having clients write about their deepest thoughts and feelings regarding trauma, loss, or illness?
Answers:

A. Clients who frame their pain as a challenge
B. The client is overfocused on one stimulus
C. Symbiotic relationship
D. (1) Neuroticism; (2) negative affectivity; (3) emotional vulnerability
E. The client questions his/her spirituality and his/her grip on reality itself
F. All-or-nothing thinking, fortunetelling, disqualifying the positive, emotional reasoning, labeling, magnification or minimization, mental filter, mind reading, overgeneralization, ‘should’ statements, and personalization
G. An exorcism
H. A ‘diseased, pseudo-person’
I. Their positive attributes that are not measured monetarily or with accolades
J. Male clients
K. The reduced scope of their abilities
L. (1) Denial; (2) anger; (3) bargaining; (4) depression; (5) acceptance
M. An acute jealousy of another person
N. A balance between reliance and independence
O. ‘Needs List’ technique
P. Almost complete isolation from social groups who believe the client to be unbearable or self-absorbed
Q. If the client suffers from a condition that also manifests itself through dermatological disorders
R. It is merely one more way for the brain to cope with the pain and other life-darkening aspects of fibromyalgia.
S. ‘Emotional Essay’ technique
T. Suffering from heart palpitations, dizziness, and insomnia
U. ‘Name Your Symptoms’ technique

Course Content Manual Questions The answer to Question 22 is found in Section 22 of the Course Content. The Answer to Question 23 is found in Section 23 of the Course Content... and so on. Select correct answer from below. Place letter on the blank line before the corresponding question

Please note every section does not have an additional question below. Some sections may have more than one question.

Questions:

15.1 What are psychological symptoms of patients with fibromyalgia syndrome?
15.2 According to Prochoska and colleagues, what are the stages in the behavior change process?
16.1 What kind of treatment may patients, who are moderately to severely cognitively impaired gain more from?
17.1 According to Leichsenring et al., what are the most frequently used behavioral intervention methods that are often combined with observational learning?
18.1 What form of the efficacy of self-help has been examined in greatest detail within the headache literature?
19.1 In chronic pain, what factors are of great importance?
20.1 What are four behavioral, or cognitive, models in behavioral medicine?
21.1 According to Endler et al., what are four main types of strategy to cope with health problems?
22.1 According to Adams et al., what is one of the primary aims of cognitive–behavioral therapy?
23.1 According to Ernst, what is the definition of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM)?
24.1 What two management approaches were utilized in this case report after the initial multidisciplinary assessment of the client?
25.1 According to Mohammad, what are two major interventions in pain management that are widely used in many pain centers?
26.1 What is one notable aspect of a cognitive-behavioral approach to pain management that may make it particularly applicable to the treatment of older individuals?
Answers:

A. Precontemplation stage, contemplation stage, preparation stage, action stage and maintenance stage
B. Memory problems, mood disturbances, lack of well being, etc
C. Classical and operant conditioning
D. Individual treatment
E. Duration of illness; number of treatments and consulted doctors; psychological impairments as depression, helplessness, loss of self-esteem; social impairments as social isolation; changes in the patient’s social role and position; and job-related impairments as having to take days off because of being ill; dismissal
F. Minimal Contact Treatment (MCT)
G. (1) Distraction; (2) palliative; (3) instrumental; (4) emotional preoccupation.
H. (1) The operant model; (2) respondent learning; (3) model learning; (4) the cognitive approach.
I. A ‘diagnosis, treatment and/or prevention which complements mainstream medicine by contributing to a common whole, satisfying a demand not met by orthodoxy, or diversifying the conceptual frameworks of medicine’
J. To help patients alter counterproductive beliefs that their problems are unmanageable, i.e. help them to become resourceful problem solvers and enable them to cope effectively with their pain, emotional distress and psychosocial difficulties
K. The approach is inherently flexible and may lend itself to modifications that take into account important developmental and other factors that may be idiosyncratic or important in understanding the experience of pain among older adults
L. Biomedical interventions and cognitive behavioral therapy
M. Spinal cord stimulation and CBT

 
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