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CBT Techniques for Building Client Self-Esteem and Resilience
Regarding building self esteem in teens and adults, I find a key factor to evaluate is the self critical network of the client.
In this section, we will discuss a guide to assessment of your client’s self critical network. This guide will cover five areas of assessment. These five areas are pathological practices, ownership of self-critical behaviors, the client’s purposes, problematic situations, and historical influences.
As you listen to this section, you might consider using it as a checklist for the client you are treating and as a guide, or perhaps a supplement to your assessment of your client. The following section will provide you with an intervention regarding cognitive restructuring to raise your teen or adult’s self esteem.
5 Areas of Assessment
♦ #2 Assess Ownership of Self Critical Behaviors
For example, a client may make the statement that his or critic won’t leave them alone. To change, would you agree that clients must ultimately assume as position of recognized personal authorship and control over self critical actions.
♦ #3 Assess the Client’s Purposes
As you already know, pathological practices are usually only marginally successful at achieving their intended purposes, and they always achieve them at grave personal costs. Thus, I find that knowledge of these existing motivations may be used to interest the client in far more effective and less costly ways to secure their purposes.
♦ #4 Assess Problematic Situations
Again, I find it helpful to make sure that the client is as aware of these troublesome situations as I am. Would you agree that by being sensitized to their customary self critical reactions, clients are thereby better able to recognize these danger situations when they occur and to avoid falling into their previous automatic response patterns?
♦ #5 Assess Historical Influences
Also, wouldn’t you be sure to assess especially historical factors that heuristically suggest useful therapeutic interventions in the present? Think of your client. How might you evaluate your client’s self criticism after such an assessment? Is your client’s self criticism pathological?
In this section, we have discussed a guide to assessment. This guide covered five areas of assessment. These five areas are pathological practices, ownership of self-critical behaviors, the client’s purposes, problematic situations, and historical influences.
- Brummelman, E., Crocker, J., & Bushman, B. J. (June 2016) The Praise Paradox: When and Why Praise Backfires in Children With Low Self-Esteem. Child Development Perspectives, 10(2), 111-115.
In the next section, we will discuss cognitive restructuring for self esteem. Three methods for cognitive restructuring for self esteem are self reproach evaluations, personifying the critic, and introducing the healthy voice.
Peer-Reviewed Journal Article References:
Dunkley, D. M., Starrs, C. J., Gouveia, L., & Moroz, M. (Feb 10 , 2020). Self-critical perfectionism and lower daily perceived control predict depressive and anxious symptoms over four years. Journal of Counseling Psychology, No Pagination Specified.
IJntema, R. C., Burger, Y. D., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2019) .Reviewing the labyrinth of psychological resilience: Establishing criteria for resilience-building programs. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, Vol 71(4), 288-30.
Kannan, D., & Levitt, H. M. (2013). A review of client self-criticism in psychotherapy. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 23(2), 166–178.
Orth, U., Robins, R. W., Meier, L. L., & Conger, R. D. (Jan 2016). Refining the vulnerability model of low self-esteem and depression: Disentangling the effects of genuine self-esteem and narcissism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 110(1), 133-149.
Rudolph, A., Schröder-Abé, M., & Schütz, A. (2020). I like myself, I really do (at least right now): Development and validation of a brief and revised (German-language) version of the State Self-Esteem Scale. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 36(1), 196-206.
Stapleton, P., Crighton, G. J., Carter, B., & Pidgeon, A. (Sep 2017). Self-esteem and body image in females: The mediating role of self-compassion and appearance contingent self-worth. The Humanistic Psychologist, 45(3), 238-257.
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