to the Home Study Course sponsored by the Healthcare Training Institute. Our primary
intent for this Home Study Course is to provide quality education to foster professional
growth. The Institute has provided quality education since 1979 to thousands of
mental health professionals nationally and in Canada as well. My name is Tracy Catherine
Appleton, and I will be the narrator for this tape. We appreciate the fact you
have chosen us as a vehicle for you to earn your Continuing Education Credit for
purposes of re-licensure. This course was compiled with the assistance of social
workers, marriage and family therapists, mental health counselors, and psychologists.
We will discuss ethically treating PTSD resulting from terrorism and other traumas.
As you will note excerpts from the Code of Ethics for Social Workers, Marriage
and Family Therapists, Psychologists, and Counselors is listed in your manual.
by definition is an act that seeks to influence a population significantly
larger than the immediate target. Thus, the quality of the publics understanding
and its response to terrorism of all varieties is highly significant. Ultimately,
it is public opinion that will help shape the political environment within which
government officials must act.
you are well aware, there is a dearth of articles, books, seminars and the like
on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, commonly referred to as PTSD. The purpose of
this home study course is to talk specifically about PTSD resulting from terrorism
and similar traumas. It is, of course, hoped that in the future there would be
no acts of terrorism. However, as we face the realities of our oftentimes violent
society, the violence of terrorist acts has become more and more of a reality.
you know, a primary ethical mission of the mental health professional is to
enhance well-being and help meet the basic needs of all people, with particular
attention to the needs and empowerment of people who are vulnerable, oppressed,
and living in poverty.
have found in treating clients that are either direct victims of terrorism or
suffering from secondary traumatic stress disorder, STSD, a question of
ethical approaches has become an increasing concern for professionals. For example,
you may have a client who does not sympathize with terrorist actions, but sympathizes
with their anti-American policy beliefs; or sympathizes with their religious convictions.
At what point are you, as a therapist, bordering on unethical behavior by perhaps
even subtly imposing your values and beliefs upon your client? Only you can answer
Thus, another purpose of this course is to provide you with perhaps some
new perspectives to increase your self-awareness about victims of terrorism regarding
such ethical principles as:
Respect for client self-determination and
Respect for the individuals inherent worth and dignity
Individualization of the client as a unique person
Tolerance for deviance that does not
Rationality and objectivity
Impartiality among individuals and groups
this tape we will talk about victims of terrorism experiencing the loss of their
feeling of invulnerability, loss of an orderly world, loss of a positive self-image,
and loss of trust. We also will discuss the role that prior experience and training
make in a predisposition to PTSD. The psychodynamics of hostage victims will include
pathological transference and psychological infantilism. The importance of ventilating
feelings and realistic guilt will also be discussed along with the psychopathology
of being held hostage. PTSD filtering and other ethical issues will also be explored.