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Ethics... Exoploring Privacy and Confidentiality: Gray Areas
The correct answer, of course, is B, care is taken to determine the information's validity. The duty to warn, as I just mentioned known as the Tarasoff Decision, overrides client's right to give consent.
Answer C, the client was instructed earlier about the limits of confidentiality, is false because the duty to warn applies even if the client was not previously instructed about it. C describes what would be a good practice, but it's not required.
Answer B, however, is required. It would be destructive to violate a client's confidentiality and arouse the anxiety of a presumably threatened third party on the basis of invalid information.
Answer D, the client has a serious and persistent mental illness, is incorrect, because the duty to warn applies to persons with any diagnosis or even no diagnosis at all.
Ethical Issues of Chid Abuse and Confidentiality
service professionals -- including psychologists, social workers, marriage and
family therapists, mental health counselors, teachers, and psychologists -- are
required by law to report known or suspected child maltreatment.
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