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Protective denial guards your client from its opposite- intrusions. Intrusions take the form of...
Intrusions As Flashbacks
Remind your client that flashbacks are a normal reaction to what has happened to them, but flashbacks are also frightening because there is a fear they might, in a sense, become caught in them. Encourage them to remember that flashbacks pass. If your client is having flashbacks, it may be helpful to know that they do end, just as the traumatic event ended. Your client will not stay in the flashbacks for long. If flashbacks persist over time, advise him or her to seek help from a trauma counselor. There are techniques available to help control flashbacks. Take advantage of professional help.
Actress Kelly McGillis commented during our interview about the way a memory can just overwhelm someone: "I haven’t thought about [the rape] in a while. It was a whole lifetime ago. it’s funny though, I will tell you something that’s very strange. I’m doing this play years later, and [the main character] threatens my character and one night, in the middle of the performance, it struck some kind of visceral memory where I just started crying; I couldn’t stop. For the first time in my life I realized that any traumatic experience we go through is somehow kept and stored, and for some reason that one time or one word triggers a whole chain of emotional responses not felt for years. Right when it happened, I knew what was happening. It was like being on an out-of-control train. You can’t stop it."
Intrusions As Overwhelming Feelings
These and other feelings may accompany a memory of the event, or they may be experienced, but remain isolated from the memory. In this circumstance, it may seem they come out of nowhere. With some scrutiny, your client will probably discover that something triggered them. That something will always be connected to the trauma. It may be something obvious or something remote, but it will always be linked. For example, if your client was assaulted by someone, the feelings might be triggered by seeing someone who looked similar to the person who hurt you.
Knowing the feelings are linked makes them more manageable. In recognizing the link, your client can let him or herself know that the intrusion was triggered by something tied to the past and had nothing to do with the present. This way he or she can begin to differentiate past from present, which begins to make the present safe.
Intrusions As Confusions
Intrusions as confusions are disorienting. Your client may suddenly feel s/he does not know where s/he is and that s/he does not know what period of time s/he is in. This can be alarming because it makes your client feel as if s/he is not in charge of him or herself.
Once again, confusions are to be expected and are not unusual. It is one of the ways your client’s unconscious is attempting to deal with what happened.
Intrusions As Dreams
Shawnee had terrifying nightmares where she was chased by "guys with guns" They were nightmares that intruded violently into her sleep, as the two men had intruded violently into her life.
Dream images often are just as vivid and repetitive as daytime flashbacks and memories, and they usually include intense feelings. If these types of dreams are occurring, your client may also be experiencing: • An inability to fall asleep. • Sleep deprivation. • Fear of sleeping. • Night terrors. • Night sweats.
If they persist and are too disruptive, your client may need to get help to deal with their effects, via counseling or medication.
Shawnee realized she had to do something about the nightmares that were leaving her drained and exhausted She went for help and they soon ended.
The Upside Of Intrusions
Explain to your client that traumatic experience, until it becomes a part of us, has the potential to be reexperienced in its original form— that is, as a trauma. However, when it becomes a part of your client, it is a puzzle piece that fits into and together with the rest of your client. Each time there is an intrusion, there is an opportunity to deal with the trauma and make it a piece of the puzzle that is part of your client. The intrusion can become an opportunity for your client to think about the trauma in order to understand it and its meaning; to put it into perspective; and to further resolve it.
The goal in this process is to no longer have the trauma be a puzzle piece that is floating off by itself, out of your control. Each intrusion is a chance to capture that piece and make it yours.
Peer-Reviewed Journal Article References:
Online Continuing Education QUESTION 22
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