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In the last section, we discussed three common perspectives in multi-cultural counseling. We also discussed techniques by which to encourage the growth of multicultural counseling skills within supervisees.
In this section, we will discuss teaching self-appraisal to clinical supervisees. We will also discuss the seven point supervisee self-assessment that I use regarding working and evaluating skills. The seven points in this assessment are action steps, focusing, reframing, confronting, evaluating, responding with immediacy, and pointing out endings.
I find that using the following exercise in self-assessment helps my clinical supervisees develop proficiency in their working and evaluating skills, and also in their ability to perform a self-assessment outside of the supervisory setting. For each topic, I have my supervisees rate their ability to perform in this area by ranking their performance in the area from 1 to 4, 4 being complete confidence in their ability.
7 Steps in Supervisee Self-Appraisal
♦ Step 2 - Focusing
♦ Step 3 - Reframing
♦ Step 4 - Confronting
I also encourage my supervisees to think about their ability level regarding gauging a client’s psychological and social resources in order to determine the impact confronting the client will have. Clearly, not every client possesses the coping skills necessary to make confrontation a successful therapy technique.
♦ Step 5 - Evaluating
I also ask my supervisees to consider their abilities regarding a client who has made little or no progress towards his or her goals. I ask, "How comfortable are you concerning reconsidering with the client his or her assessment, the contract, and the action steps you have planned? When progress is not forthcoming, or is negative, how well can you reexamine the approach to change?"
♦ Step 6 - Responding with Immediacy
♦ Step 7 - Pointing out Endings
I state to my supervisees, "Suppose you have a client with whom you have agreed to a three-month relationship to improve their communication with their family. It is now the second month of your working together. Consider your ability to point out how much time is remaining, and how you would prepare this client."
I ask my supervisees to evaluate their skills regarding discussing progression towards goals with their client. I also ask them to evaluate their skills regarding encouraging their clients to discuss what they feel will have changed after the conclusion of the therapeutic relationship.
In this section, we have discussed teaching self-appraisal to clinical supervisees. We also discussed the seven point supervisee self-assessment that I use regarding working and evaluating skills. The seven points in this assessment are action steps, focusing, reframing, confronting, evaluating, responding with immediacy and pointing out endings.
In the next section, we will discuss training supervisees in ten steps that can help a therapist cope with a client who might be at risk for suicide.
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