Sponsored by the HealthcareTrainingInstitute.org providing Quality Education since 1979
Add to Shopping Cart

Cultural Diversity: Breaking Barriers, Widening Perspectives
6 CEUs Cultural Diversity: Breaking Barriers, Widening Perspectives

Section 18
The Results of Race-Based Policies

Question 18 | Test | Table of Contents

In recent years, the use of race in college admissions has been vigorously contested in several states and in the courts. In 1996, a federal appeals court in New Orleans, deciding the Hopwood vs. Texas case, based politics Cultural Diversity CEUsdeclared such a race-sensitive policy unconstitutional when its primary aim is not to remedy some specific wrong from the past. Californians have voted to ban all consideration of race in admitting students to public universities. Surprisingly, however, amid much passionate debate, there has been little hard evidence of how these policies work and what their consequences have been.

To remedy this deficiency, we examined the college and later-life experiences of more than 35,000 students—almost 3,000 of whom were black—who had entered 28 selective colleges and universities in the fall of 1976 and the fall of 1989. This massive database, built jointly by the schools and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, for the first time links information such as SAT scores and college majors to experiences after college, including graduate and professional degrees, earnings and civic involvement. Most of our study focused on African Americans and whites, because the Latino population at these schools was too small to permit the same sort of analysis. What did we discover?

Compared with their extremely high-achieving white classmates, black students in general received somewhat lower college grades and graduated at moderately lower rates. The reasons for these disparities are not fully understood, and selective institutions need to be more creative in helping improve black performance, as a few universities already have succeeded in doing. Still, 75 percent graduated within six years, a figure well above the 40 percent of blacks and 59 percent of whites who graduated nationwide from the 305 universities tracked by the National Collegiate Athletic Association. Moreover, blacks did not earn degrees from these selective schools by majoring in easy subjects. They chose substantially the same concentrations as whites and were just as likely to have difficult majors, such as those in the sciences.
- Bowen, William G. and Bok, Derek. Race Relations: Opposing Viewpoints. Greenhaven Press, Inc. San Diego, CA, 2001.

Structural Racism and Health Inequities:
Old Issues, New Directions


- Gee, G. C. and Ford, C. L. (2011). Structural Racism and Health Inequities: Old Issues, New Directions. Du Bois Rev., 8(1). p. 115-132. doi:10.1017/S1742058X11000130.
The article above contains foundational information. Articles below contain optional updates.

Personal Reflection Exercise #4
The preceding section contained information about the results of race-based policies. Write three case study examples regarding how you might use the content of this section in your practice.

QUESTION 18
According to Bowen and Bok, what did their study discover about the performances of African-American college students as compared to their white classmates? Record the letter of the correct answer the Test.

 
Others who bought this Cultural Diversity Course
also bought…

Scroll DownScroll UpCourse Listing Bottom Cap

Test for this course
Forward to Section 19
Back to Section 17
Table of Contents
Top

The article above contains foundational information. Articles below contain optional updates.
Should Schools Have an N-Word Policy? Uproar Over Guard's Firing Forces Hard Questions - October 31, 2019
The firing of a black staff member for repeating the n-word while telling a black student not to use it underscores how uneasy many districts, schools, and educators are with handling the use of racist language in any context.
How Teachers Can Address Politics at School 'When the World Is on Fire' - September 17, 2019
In this Q&A, education researcher Lisa Delpit discusses a new book of essays by teachers, principals, and other educators on how to teach in a fraught political climate.
Do Districts Actually Want Black Male Teachers? - September 24, 2019
It's a question that district leadership needs to answer—with action, not just words, writes Rann Miller.
Ethnic Studies Curriculum Deemed 'Anti-Jewish' - August 27, 2019
California's proposed curriculum guide in ethnic studies is being sent back for substantial revision after a pileup of criticism that it's anti-Semitic and freighted with jargon and political correctness.
Teacher Education Needs to Acknowledge 'Whiteness' - September 09, 2019
Teacher education must help everyone think critically of the world to avoid perpetuating inequity, urges Hui-Ling Malone.

OnlineCEUcredit.com Login


Forget your Password Reset it!