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Cultural Diversity, Breaking Barriers, & Racist Micro Aggressions
Cultural Diversity continuing education social worker CEUs

Section 18
The Results of Race-Based Policies

CEU Question 18 | CEU Answer Booklet | Table of Contents
Social Worker CEUs, Psychologist CEs, Counselor CEUs, MFT CEUs

In recent years, the use of race in college admissions has been vigorously contested in several states and in the race-based politics - Cultural Diversity CEUs courts. In 1996, a federal appeals court in New Orleans, deciding the Hopwood vs. Texas case, declared such a race-sensitive policy unconstitutional when its primary aim is not to remedy some specific wrong from the past. Californians have voted to ban all consideration of race in admitting students to public universities. Surprisingly, however, amid much passionate debate, there has been little hard evidence of how these policies work and what their consequences have been.

To remedy this deficiency, we examined the college and later-life experiences of more than 35,000 students—almost 3,000 of whom were black—who had entered 28 selective colleges and universities in the fall of 1976 and the fall of 1989. This massive database, built jointly by the schools and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, for the first time links information such as SAT scores and college majors to experiences after college, including graduate and professional degrees, earnings and civic involvement. Most of our study focused on African Americans and whites, because the Latino population at these schools was too small to permit the same sort of analysis. What did we discover?

Compared with their extremely high-achieving white classmates, black students in general received somewhat lower college grades and graduated at moderately lower rates. The reasons for these disparities are not fully understood, and selective institutions need to be more creative in helping improve black performance, as a few universities already have succeeded in doing. Still, 75 percent graduated within six years, a figure well above the 40 percent of blacks and 59 percent of whites who graduated nationwide from the 305 universities tracked by the National Collegiate Athletic Association. Moreover, blacks did not earn degrees from these selective schools by majoring in easy subjects. They chose substantially the same concentrations as whites and were just as likely to have difficult majors, such as those in the sciences.
- Bowen, William G. and Bok, Derek. Race Relations: Opposing Viewpoints. Greenhaven Press, Inc. San Diego, CA, 2001.
The article above contains foundational information. Articles below contain optional updates.

Personal Reflection Exercise #4
The preceding section contained information about the results of race-based policies. Write three case study examples regarding how you might use the content of this section in your practice.

Online Continuing Education QUESTION 18
What did their study discover about the performances of African-American college students as compared to their white classmates? Record the letter of the correct answer the CEU Answer Booklet.

 
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The article above contains foundational information. Articles below contain optional updates.
British Columbia's Curriculum: A Glimpse of the Future? - Top Performers - Education Week - January 01, 1970
Marc Tucker speaks with the leader of British Columbia's recent curriculum reforms that were co-created with teachers across the province.
California Aims to Make (Even) More Students Multilingual - Curriculum Matters - Education Week - January 01, 1970
The Golden State plans to triple the number of students who are proficient in a language other than English over the next 12 years.
Q&A Collections: Race & Gender Challenges - Classroom Q&A With Larry Ferlazzo - Education Week Teacher - January 01, 1970
All posts from the past seven years on race & gender challenges - in one place!
Justice Kennedy Retiring From High Court, Had Deep Imprint in Education Arena - Education Week - January 01, 1970
A highly influential moderate-conservative at the center of the U.S. Supreme Court for three decades, Justice Anthony M. Kennedy wrote major opinions on race, religion, and other areas of public education.
Straight Up Conversation: New Harvard Ed School Dean Bridget Terry Long - Rick Hess Straight Up - Education Week - January 01, 1970
Today, I chat with Bridget Terry Long, who was recently named dean of Harvard's Graduate School of Education, about the strengths and opportunities of HGSE, and what she hopes to accomplish in the role.

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