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On the last track, we discussed methods to help improve your supervisee's therapist-client relationships by making sure you are on the same page with your supervisee regarding such session basics as preparation; beginning; exploration; and creating contracts; or whatever system you deem appropriate in your practice.
On this track, we will examine ways to evaluate and identify problems in the supervisor-therapist relationship and in the therapist-client relationship: identifying avoidance of conflict; and the "Interview Session Checklist".
Karl met his supervisee Beth for a bi-weekly supervision meeting. Lately, Karl had noticed that, although Beth had more than competent skills in empathy, she was lacking in evaluation. However, when they met for their supervision meetings, Karl, the supervisor, only emphasized the good aspects of the Beth's tactics such as her empathy and glossed over her lack of evaluation skills. If you recall on track 4 due to a dual relationship with the supervisee, the supervisor did not enhance his supervisee's skills and gave him an inflated recommendation.
Karl wished to avoid any conflict and used a tactic known as "smoothing over" which we will discuss later in the track. As a result, Beth's evaluation and assessment skills did not improve as they could have. When the time came for her annual evaluation, Beth was surprised to see that her supervisor had given her a negative rating. Beth became resentful and filed a complaint against Karl, stating that he had never addressed her lack of competence in client assessment until now. At the hearing, the licensure board decided in favor of Beth. Had Karl confronted Beth with the problems she needed to improve, she may have improved her evaluation skills.
if you feel you have conflict avoidance, here is a conflict avoidance tactic for
10 Favorite Supervisor Excuses
However, her supervisor,
Roberta, hoped that Karen would "grow out of her problem" and wanted
to "wait it out" and see if Karen's behavior improved over time. Roberta
was exhibiting the conflict avoidance tactic of "waiting it out." Do
you ever display any of these characteristics?
To improve her skill of reflecting feelings and meanings, I suggested that she say "You feel _____and_____"; and "You feel _____ because _______". However, there are no formats for going beyond what is said. I suggested that she combine reflecting feelings with her own interpretations of the situation. For instance, in her next session with her client, the supervisee stated, "You feel guilty because of the last words you said to your son before he died. Do you sometimes feel that if you hadn't yelled at him about those dirty clothes. He might somehow still be alive?"
As you can see, the supervisee successfully interpreted the clients beliefs in her own situation without specific statements.
On this track, we discussed ways to evaluate and identify problems in the supervisor-therapist relationship and in the therapist-client relationship: identifying avoidance of conflict; and the "Interview Session Checklist".
the next track, we will examine the basic skills in empowering your supervisee:
nurturing, coaching, and mentoring.
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Answer Booklet for this course | Supervision
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Continuing Education for
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