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BDD - Body Dysmorphic Disorder: Diagnosis & Treatment Post Test

Psychologist, Ohio MFT and Counselor Post Test:
Only Psychologists, Ohio MFT's and Ohio Counselors taking this course for credit need to complete these additional questions below to be in compliance with their Boards. requirements. If you are not a psychologist, Ohio MFT or Ohio Counselor please return to the original Answer Booklet. You do not need to complete the additional questions below.

Audio Transcript Questions The answer to Question 1 is found in Track 1 of the Course Content. The Answer to Question 2 is found in Track 2 of the Course Content... and so on. Select correct answer from below. Place letter on the blank line before the corresponding question.
Important Note! Underlined numbers below are links to that Section. If you leave this page, use your "Back" button to return to your answers, rather than clicking on a new "Answer Booklet" link. Or use Ctrl-N to open a new window and use a separate window to review content.

Please note every section does not have an additional question below. Some sections may have more than one question.

Questions:

1.1 What technique might be helpful for clients to spend less time on their appearance?
1.2 If clients do not have BDD, it is very rare for mentally healthy people to experience what problems?
2.1 What are four reasons a client is driven to mirror check?
2.2 Under “Related to Other,” what can happen to clients because the cycle of BDD can occur several dozen times during a social occasion?
2.3 What are some unfinished phrases included in the “Counterarguments” technique?
3.1 Why do rehab and alcoholics anonymous have little effect on some clients?
4.1 What technique is composed of small exercises that help clients relieve their anxiety about their suicidal thoughts?
4.2 What do BDD symptoms usually involve?
4.3 About what percent of BDD clients have thought about suicide as an answer to their sufferings?
5.1 What are two explanations why men seem to have higher rates of comorbid disorders?
6.1 What are some symptoms that BDD children and BDD adults experience?
6.2 How can clients, who experience BDD throughout adolescence, fail to make a life of their own?
7.1 What is “BDD by proxy?”
7.2 From what unconscious displacements has BDD arisen?
8.1 What is often recalled by a BDD client in great detail, with supreme clarity and intense, emotional anguish, even though it may have occurred decades earlier?
9.1 What technique may help expose BDD clients to anxiety-provoking situations?
10.1 What are some of the most common core beliefs that BDD clients have?
10.2 What are some cognitive distorted errors in BDD clients?
11.1 What are some of the commandments in the “13 Commandments” technique?
12.1 What technique involves asking clients to make a list of little rewards they can give themselves throughout the day?
13.1 What is a key difference between BDD and social phobia?
14.1 What is the first part in the “Mirror Retraining” technique?
Answers:

A. Distress, anxiety, or impaired functioning
B. The “Alarm Clock” technique
C. Clients can become increasingly reclusive until they only leave the house once in a few years. Often to leave their own house, they camouflage their perceived defect.
D. (1) the hope that they’ll look different (2) the desire to know exactly how they look (3) a belief that they’ll feel worse if they don’t look, and (4) a desire to camouflage themselves
E. Mainly because the client could not share honestly his or her motive for drinking.
F. “Because of my looks…” “Attractive men/women…” “I think my body…” “I wish my body…” “When I look good…” “Unattractive men/women…”
G. A deep sense of shame, low self-esteem, and feelings of being unworthy, unacceptable, and unlovable
H. The “Sensory Reinforcements” technique
I. These disorders come secondary to the BDD and that the same underlying biological and psychological mechanisms that cause BDD also contribute to the depression that accompanies BDD.
J. About 80%
K. They become more dependent on authority figures to provide structure and protection
L. Prominent, distressing, time-consuming preoccupations that can focus on any body area but often involve the face
M. Sexual or emotional conflict or, more specifically, feelings of inferiority, guilt, or poor self-image
N. BDD symptoms seem to begin with a parent’s excessive preoccupation with their child’s appearance
O. “Compassionate Image” technique
P. A precipitating comment
Q. Mind reading, fortunes telling, labeling, and personalization
R. “I have to look perfect...” “My worth as a person depends on whether I look good...” “If I don’t look right, I’ll always be rejected and alone…” “I must always be approved by everyone...”
S. “I am Worth It” technique
T. “• Give praise for small gains. • Look at the Big Picture. • Limit angry outbursts”
U. Helping the client to learn to look at his or her entire face or body while looking the mirror
V. Repetitive behaviors, or rituals, are a prominent feature of BDD but not social phobia

Course Content Manual Questions The answer to Question 23 is found in Section 23 of the Course Content. The Answer to Question 24 is found in Section 24 of the Course Content... and so on. Select correct answer from below. Place letter on the blank line before the corresponding question

Please note every section does not have an additional question below. Some sections may have more than one question.

Questions:

15.1 What is one notable difference in BDD and depression?
16.1 What two treatments can ‘skin picker’ patients benefit from?
17.1 According to Vingerhoets, what has been found to be an independent factor contributing to the development of various mental health disorders, including disordered eating?
18.1 Since many plastic surgeons are aware of various psychiatric disorders, what characteristics do they look for?
19.1 According to Eggers, rather than an exaggerated ideal, what is crucial to the development of eating disorders?
20.1 What did Rosenberg describe self-esteem as?
21.1 According to Demo, what allows the counselor to better ascertain more realistic and accurate approximations of the construct?
22.1 According to Sarwer, what behaviours does dissatisfaction with the client’s appearance motivate?
23.1 Why does Phillips describe patients with BDD as having a \
24.1 What may therapists advise the patient’s partner to avoid?
25.1 According to Weiss, what does “Body self” refer to?
26.1 In phase 1 of integrative group psychotherapy for BDD, how was an assessment made?
27.1 When does BDD usually begin to occur?
Answers:

A. A combination of psychiatric treatment and dermatological treatment
B. Depressed patients often focus less on their appearance, even neglecting how they look, rather than becoming overfocused on it like BDD clients.
C. Body image perceptions that are distorted and not realistic • Impaired work or social functioning due to a physical complaint • History of multiple procedures to correct a minor \
D. Alexithymia
E. A linear combination of individual and specific self-estimates, each weighted by a value and then summed.
F. A faulty body image
G. Weight loss, cosmetic and fashion purchases, and cosmetic surgery
H. Considering “multiple and repeated measures to obtain ‘snapshots’ of an individual\'s self-esteem in different social situations”
I. Participating in behavioral rituals, giving reassurance (because seeking reassurance is a ritual behavior), arranging specialty referrals, and trying to talk the patient out of his compulsions.
J. Frequent mirror gazing is so common
K. An assessment was made regarding the patients motivation to change as well as their personal meaning of eating
L. To the full range of kinesthetic experiences on the body\'s surface and in its interior, and the body\'s functions
M. BDD usually begins during adolescence with two studies reporting a mean age at onset of 16